Draft London Plan issued in November 2017, for consultation, strongly makes the economic, safety and environmental case for increasing the use of rail freight and gives direction to London boroughs to this effect.
Freight Transport Policy
C Wharves and railheads involved in the distribution of aggregates should be safeguarded in line with Policy SI9 Safeguarded waste sites, Policy SI10 Aggregates and Policy SI5 Water infrastructure.
D Consolidation and distribution sites at all scales should be designed to enable 24-hour operation to encourage and support out-of-peak deliveries.
E Development proposals for new consolidation and distribution facilities should be supported provided that they:
1) deliver mode shift from road to rail or water without adversely impacting passenger services (existing or planned) and without generating significant increases in street-based movements
2) reduce traffic volumes within London
3) reduce emissions from freight and servicing trips
4) enable sustainable last-mile movements, including by cycle and electric vehicle.
F Development proposals should facilitate sustainable freight and servicing, including through the provision of adequate space for servicing and deliveries off-street. Construction Logistics Plans and Delivery and Servicing Plans will be required and should be developed in accordance with Transport for London guidance and in a way which reflects the scale and complexities of developments.
G Developments should be designed and managed so that deliveries can be received outside of peak hours and in the evening or night time. Appropriate facilities are required to minimise additional freight trips arising from missed deliveries and thus facilitate efficient online retailing.
H At large developments, facilities to enable micro-consolidation should be provided, with management arrangements set out in Delivery and Servicing Plans.
I Development proposals must adopt appropriate construction site design standards to enable the use of safer, lower trucks with increased levels of direct vision on waste and landfill sites, tip sites, transfer stations and construction sites.
When planning freight movements, development proposals should demonstrate through Construction Logistics Plans and Delivery and Servicing Plans that all reasonable endeavours have been taken towards the use of non-road vehicle modes. Where rail and water freight facilities are available, Transport for London’s freight tools should be used when developing the site’s freight strategy.
Transport for London’s guidance on Construction Logistics and Delivery and Servicing Plans should be adhered to when preparing planning applications. Plans should be developed in line with this guidance and adopt the latest standards around safety and environmental performance of vehicles. The plans should be monitored and managed throughout the construction and operational phases of the development. TfL’s freight tools including CLOCS (Construction Logistics and Community Safety) should be utilised to plan for and monitor site conditions to enable the use of vehicles with improved levels of direct vision. This should be demonstrated through a Site Assessment within a Construction Logistics Plan. Development proposals should demonstrate ‘good’ on-site ground conditions ratings or the mechanisms to reach this level.
An adequate supply of aggregates to support construction in London will be achieved by:1) encouraging re-use and recycling of construction, demolition and excavation waste within London
2) extracting land-won aggregates within London
3) importing aggregates to London by sustainable transport modes
4) meeting the target of 95 per cent recycling/re-use of construction, demolition and excavation waste by 2020 and recycling 50 per cent of that waste as aggregates by 2020
Development Plans should make provision for the maintenance of a landbank (i.e. seven years’ supply) of at least five million tonnes of land-won aggregates up to 2041, in particular through a landbank apportionment of:1) at least 1.75 mt to London Borough of Havering
2) at least 0.7 mt to London Borough of Redbridge
3) at least 1.75 mt to London Borough of Hillingdon
4) at least 0.7 mt to London Borough of Hounslow.
All Mineral Planning Authorities in London should identify and safeguard aggregate resources in Development Plans, including aggregate recycling facilities.
To reduce the environmental impact of aggregates, Development Plans should:
1) ensure that appropriate use is made of planning conditions dealing with aftercare, restoration and re-use of minerals sites following extraction, with particular emphasis on promoting green infrastructure, especially biodiversity
2) safeguard wharves and/or railheads with existing or potential capacity for aggregate distribution and/or processing to minimise
9.10.1 London needs a reliable supply of construction materials to support continued growth. National planning policy requires Mineral Planning Authorities to maintain a steady and adequate supply of aggregates. These include land-won sand and gravel, crushed rock, marine sand and gravel, and recycled materials. Most aggregates used in the capital come from outside London, including marine sand and gravel and land-won aggregates, principally crushed rock from other regions. There are relatively small resources of workable land-won sand and gravel in London.
9.10.2 A realistic landbank figure (i.e. seven years’ supply) of at least 5 million tonnes of land-won aggregates for London throughout the Plan period has been apportioned to boroughs as set out in the policy above. There remains some potential for extraction beyond the four boroughs identified in Policy SI10 Aggregates, including within the Lee Valley, and boroughs with aggregates resources should consider extraction opportunities.
9.10.3 Aggregates are bulky materials so Development Plans should maximise their use and re-use and minimise their movement, especially by road. The objective of proximity dictates the best and most local use of materials that can be extracted in London. The re-use/recycling of building materials and aggregates is a significant and well established component of the circular economy advocated in Policy SI7 Reducing waste and supporting the circular economy and reduces the demand for natural materials.
9.10.4 Boroughs should protect existing, planned and potential sites for aggregate extraction and transportation. Existing and future wharf capacity is essential, especially for transporting marine-dredged aggregates, and should be protected in accordance with Policy SI15 Water transport. Equally important are railway depots for importing crushed rock from other parts of the UK. Railheads are vital to the sustainable movement of aggregates and boroughs should protect them.
9.10.5 Sites for depots may be particularly appropriate in preferred industrial locations and other employment areas. Boroughs should examine the feasibility of using quarries as CD&E recycling sites once mineral extraction has finished.